Content provided by the Catalog of Federal Domestic Assistance
93.767 Children's Health Insurance Program
CENTERS FOR MEDICARE AND MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES
Balanced Budget Act of 1997, Title XXI, Subtitle J, Section 4901, Public Law 105-33; Public Law 105-100 and Medicare, Medicaid and SCHIP Balanced Budget Refinement Act of 1999 Public Law 106-113, Section 702; Medicare, Medicaid, and SCHIP Benefits Improvement Act of 2000, Title VIII, Section 801, 802, and 803, Public Law 106-554.
To provide funds to States to enable them to maintain and expand child health assistance to uninsured, low¬ income children, and at a state option, low-income pregnant women and legal immigrants, primarily by three methods: (1) obtain health insurance coverage that meets the requirements in Section 2103 relating to the amount, duration, and scope of benefits; (2) expand eligibility for children under the State's Medicaid program; and (3)reduce the number of children eligible for Medicaid, CHIP and insurance affordability programs under the ACA, who are not enrolled and improve retention of those who are already enrolled..
TYPES OF ASSISTANCE:
USES AND USE RESTRICTIONS:
No State is eligible for payments for child health assistance for coverage provided prior to October 1, 1997. Standards used to determine eligibility may include those related to geographic areas to be served by the plan. Age, income and resources, residency, disability status (as long as the standard does not restrict eligibility), access to or coverage under other health coverage, and duration of eligibility are factors. Standards may not discriminate on the basis of diagnosis. Eligibility standards must not cover higher- income children without covering lower-income children and must not deny eligibility based on a child having a preexisting medical condition. The State must ensure that only targeted low-income children are furnished child health assistance under the plan. Children found through screening to be eligible for Medicaid are to be enrolled in Medicaid. The insurance provided under the State plan does not substitute for coverage under group health plans. Coordination with other public and private programs providing creditable coverage for low-income children should occur. Child Health Assistance (other than Medicaid), must consist of any of the following: Benchmark coverage; benchmark equivalent coverage (which can be FEHBP-equivalent coverage); State employee coverage or coverage offered through the HMO with the largest insured commercial non-Medicaid enrollment in the State; existing comprehensive State-based coverage; or Secretary-approved coverage. A State child health plan must include a description of the amount (if any) of cost-sharing and must be in accordance with a public schedule. Cost-sharing may be varied in a way that does not favor higher-income children over lower-income children. No cost-sharing is permitted for well-baby and well-child care, including age-appropriate immunizations. Cost-sharing for children at 150 percent of poverty must be consistent with Medicaid, Cost-sharing for children at 150 percent of poverty and above must be based on an income-related sliding scale. The aggregate for all children in a family cannot exceed 5 percent of the family's income. The State child health plan may not impose pre-existing condition exclusions for covered benefits. States that provide for benefits through a group health plan or group health insurance coverage may permit pre-existing condition exclusions as allowed under the applicable Section of the Employee Retirement Income Security Act (ERISA) and the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA). Funds provided to a State under this Title may only be used to carry out the purposes of this Title. Health insurance coverage provided may include coverage of abortion only if necessary to save the life of the mother or if the pregnancy is the result of an act of rape or incest. States may spend up to 10 percent of their total SCHIP expenditures (Federal and State) on non-benefit activities, including: outreach conducted to identify and enroll eligible children in SCHIP; administration costs; health services initiatives; and other child health assistance. These expenditures are matched at the enhanced SCHIP matching rate and counted against both the 10 percent limit and the allotment. Monetary amounts provided by the Federal government, or services assisted or subsidized to any significant extent by the Federal government, may not be included in determining the amount of nonfederal contributions required for State matching purposes.
Applicant Eligibility: All States and Territories may apply.
Pre-application Coordination: States are encouraged to work with DHHS in the development of their Title XXI plans. Central and regional office staff from the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) and the Health Resources Services Administration (HRSA), as well as other DHHS components are available to furnish guidance and technical assistance to a State in preparing their plans. This program is excluded from coverage under E.O. 12372.
Formula and Matching Requirements: Section 2105(b), Title XXI, provides for an "enhanced Federal Matching Assistance Percentage (FMAP)" for child health assistance provided under Title XXI that is equal to the current FMAP for the fiscal year in the Medicaid Title XIX program, increased by 30 percent of the difference between 100 and the current FMAP for that fiscal year. The enhanced FMAP may not exceed 85 percent. The formula for determining the final allotment includes: determining the number of States with approved State Plans as of the end of the fiscal year. In order for a State to receive a final allotment for a fiscal year, CMS must approve the SCHIP State Plan for that State by the end of the fiscal year. Only States with approved State Plans by the end of the fiscal year will be included in the final allotment calculation. States' final allotments will be determined in accordance with the statutory formula that is based on two factors: (1) Number of children (those potentially eligible for SCHIP), and (2) the State cost factor. These factors will be multiplied to yield a final allotment project for each State. Once the final allotment project has been determined for all the States with approved SCHIP plans, the products for each State will be added to determine a national total. Each State's product will be divided by this national total to determine a State specific percentage of the national Title available amount for allotment that each State would be eligible to receive. The State specific percentage is then multiplied by the national total amount available for allotment, resulting in the final allotment for each State.
POST ASSISTANCE REQUIREMENTS:
Reports: Section 2108 of the Law specifies that States must develop annual reports assessing the operation of their State Plan for each fiscal year, including the progress made in reducing the number of uncovered low-income children and report to the Secretary by January 1, of the following year the results of the assessment. By March 31, 2000, each State with a child health plan must submit to the Secretary an evaluation that includes an assessment of the effectiveness of the State Plan in increasing the number of children with creditable health coverage, in increasing the availability of affordable quality individual and family health insurance for children, and in coordinating recommendations for improving the program under this Title. By December 31, 2001, the Secretary must submit to Congress and make available to the public, a report based on the evaluations submitted by the States recommendations and conclusions.
Account Identification: 75-0515-0-1-551.
As of fiscal year 2001, there were 3.0 million enrollees. In fiscal year 2002, it is estimated that 3.9 million low-income uninsured children were covered. It is estimated that there will be 4.3 million enrollees in fiscal year 2003.
REGULATIONS, GUIDELINES, AND LITERATURE:
Regulations will be forthcoming. All guidance issued related to the Children's Health Insurance Program may be accessed through the World Wide Web at: www.hcfa/init/child.htm.
Regional or Local Office: Contact the Regional Administrator, Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services. (See Appendix IV of the Catalog for addresses and telephone numbers).
EXAMPLES OF FUNDED PROJECTS:
Examples are not available.
CRITERIA FOR SELECTING PROPOSALS: