Content provided by the Catalog of Federal Domestic Assistance
16.523 Juvenile Accountability Incentive Block Grants
OFFICE OF JUVENILE JUSTICE AND DELINQUENCY PREVENTION, OFFICE OF JUSTICE PROGRAMS, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE
Public Law 106-553.
To provide States and units of local government with funds to develop programs to promote greater accountability in the juvenile justice system. To survey the field and identify projects that would benefit from research, demonstration, and evaluation in the 12 purpose areas identified in the JAIBG Program. To provide training and technical assistance to States and units of local government so they may develop programs outlined in the 12 program areas to promote greater accountability in the juvenile justice system.
TYPES OF ASSISTANCE:
USES AND USE RESTRICTIONS:
A total of $249,450,000 has been appropriated in FY 2000 to be used as follows: Formula grant funds in the amount of $231,273,500 will be available for use in the following areas: building, expanding, renovating or operating temporary or permanent juvenile correction or detention facilities, including training for correctional personnel; developing and administering accountability-based sanctions for juvenile offenders; hiring additional juvenile judges, probation officers, and court-appointed defenders, and funding pretrial services for juveniles, to ensure the smooth and expeditious administration of the juvenile justice system; hiring additional prosecutors so that more cases involving violent juvenile offenders can be prosecuted and backlogs can be reduced; providing funding to enable prosecutors to address drug, gang, and youth violence problems more effectively; providing funding for technology, equipment and training to assist prosecutors in identifying and expediting the prosecution of violent juvenile offenders; providing funding to enable juvenile courts and juvenile probation offices to be more effective and efficient in holding juvenile offenders accountable and reducing recidivism; the establishment of court-based juvenile justice programs that target young firearms offenders through the establishment of juvenile gun courts for the adjudication and prosecution of juvenile firearms offenders; the establishment of drug court programs for juveniles so as to provide continuing judicial supervision over juvenile offenders with substance abuse problems and to provide the integrated administration of other sanctions and services; establishing and maintaining interagency information-sharing programs that enable the juvenile and criminal justice systems, schools, and social services agencies to make more informed decisions regarding the early identification, control supervision and treatment of juveniles who repeatedly commit serious delinquent or criminal acts; establishing and maintaining accountability-based programs that work with juvenile offenders who are referred by law enforcement agencies, to protect students and school personnel from drug, gang, and youth violence; implementing a policy of controlled substance testing for appropriate categories of juveniles within the juvenile justice system. Funds in the amount of $7,312,380 are available to support research, evaluation, and demonstration projects consistent with this program. Input will be solicited from the States to determine which of the 12 areas are most important and where the greatest needs are. This information will guide and provide insight for research, evaluation, and demonstration activities under this program. OJJDP is collaborating with other OJP bureaus concerning the implementation of the Research and Evaluation Program. Training and technical assistance funds, in the amount of $4,874,920, are available to support the 12 program areas targeted by the JAIBG Program.
Applicant Eligibility: Each State and territory (except Palau) is eligible to receive an allocation and award of funds for State and units of local government if the Governor certifies, consistent with guidelines established by the Attorney General, in consultation with Congress, that the State or territory is actively considering, or will consider within 1 year from the date of such certification, legislation, policies, or practices which, if enacted, would qualify the State or territory for a grant. The areas of certification are (1) Prosecution of Juveniles as Adults; (2) Graduated Sanctions; (3) Juvenile Record keeping; and (4) Parental Supervision. Public or private agencies, organizations, or individuals are eligible to apply for discretionary, and training and technical assistance funds.
Pre-application Coordination: This program is excluded from coverage under E.O. 12372. E.O. 12372 requires applicants from State and local units of government or other organizations providing services within a State to submit a copy of the application to the State Single Points of Contact (SPOC), if one exists. Research and evaluation grants are excluded from coverage under E.O. 12372.
Formula and Matching Requirements: Public Law 106-553 allocates 0.5 percent of the appropriated amount for each State and territory and of the total funds remaining, allocates to each State an amount that bears the same ratio as the population of people under the age of 18 living in each State for the most recent calendar year in which the data is available. The Program requires a cash match of 10 percent of total program costs; Federal funds may not exceed 90 percent of total program costs. (Each State and territory that receives money under the JAIBG program must establish an interest-bearing trust fund to deposit program funds.) Interest derived from the award does not have to be matched, but interest generated from the trust fund cannot be used to match the Federal award. Matching contributions need not be applied at the exact time or in proportion to the obligation of Federal funds. However, the full match amount must be obligated by the end of the 24 month project period. For discretionary grants, no match is required.
POST ASSISTANCE REQUIREMENTS:
Reports: Quarterly financial and semiannual progress reports are required.
Account Identification: 15-0404-0-1-754.
The Training and Technical Assistance Division has the responsibility for administering training and technical assistance projects to support States and units of local government. In fiscal year 2000, 15 awards were made for a total of approximately 5,000,000. In fiscal year 2000, an award was made to a National Technical Assistance provider, Development Services Group, and an "Alliance" was formed with the other 14 grantees to assure coordinated delivery of technical assistance to States and units of local government. The Research and Program Development Division awarded three programs under these funds: (1) Assessment of Space Needs in Juvenile Detention and Corrections; (2) Survey in Residential Placement; and (3) the Evaluation of Community Assessment Centers. State Block grant awards, coordinated through the State Relations and Assistance Division (SRAD) for fiscal year 2000 have been processed. SRAD is working with the Designated State Agencies (DSAs) to help assure the timely award of allocations to Units of local government, and where appropriate approve waiver requests to retain a percentage of funds at the State level equal to the State's level of primary financial burden for the administration of juvenile justice within the twelve program purpose areas. The Research and Program Development Division made one award using these funds: Age, Crime and Sanction: The Effect of Juvenile Versus Criminal Court Jurisdiction on Age-Specific Crime Rates of Adolescent Offenders.
REGULATIONS, GUIDELINES, AND LITERATURE:
OJP Financial Guide.
Regional or Local Office: None.
EXAMPLES OF FUNDED PROJECTS:
The Training and Technical Assistance Division has the responsibility for administering training and technical assistance projects to support States and units of local government in addressing the twelve program purpose areas. In fiscal year 2000, 15 awards were made, for a total of $5,000,000. In fiscal year 2000, an award for the JAIBG National Technical Assistance provider, Development Services Group, was made and an "Alliance" was formed with the National Technical Assistance provider and the 14 other grantees.
CRITERIA FOR SELECTING PROPOSALS:
Criteria is established by the Juvenile Accountability Incentive Block Grants (JAIBG) Guidance Manual for FY 2000 as established by the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.