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Understanding the Federal Program Descriptions

Content provided by the Catalog of Federal Domestic Assistance
12.630 Basic, Applied, and Advanced Research in Science and Engineering




10 U.S.C. 2358, as amended; 10 U.S.C. 2323; 10 U.S.C. 2391 et seq.
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To: (1) Discover new knowledge and gain better understanding in mathematical, physical, engineering, environmental, and life sciences, and other fields with good, long-term potential for contributing to technology for Department of Defense missions; (2) facilitate transition of research results to practical application for defense needs; (3) improve linkages between defense research and the civilian technology and industrial bases, to promote commercial application of the results of defense research and commercial availability of technology for defense needs; (4) foster education of future scientists and engineers in disciplines critical to defense; and (5) strengthen the infrastructure for research and related science and engineering education in those disciplines.


Project Grants.
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Uses and restrictions are specified in individual program announcements (Broad Agency Announcements, or BAAs) and award documents issued by and codified regulations applicable to awards. These are submitted at the time of proposal or prior to award, as specified by executive agents.


Applicant Eligibility:   As stated in individual BAAs (generally, competitions are open to private and public educational institutions that carry out science and engineering research and/or related science and engineering education on a nonprofit basis). Awards are not made to individuals.

Beneficiary Eligibility:   Beneficiaries may include individual graduate and undergraduate students (e.g., recipients of fellowships or research traineeships) in science and engineering disciplines important to defense, as well as institutions described under "Applicant Eligibility."

Credentials/Documentation:   Recipient eligibility is contingent upon submission of certifications and representations that are required by Federal statutes, executive orders, Times Vary, but award decisions are typically made within 90 to 120 days of receipt of the proposal.

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Pre-application Coordination:   This program is excluded from coverage under E. O. 12372.

Application Procedure:   Institutions eligible to compete may submit proposals in response to Broad Agency Announcements (BAAs) that executive agents publish in Federal Business Opportunities ( and circulate broadly to eligible proposers' sponsored-programs offices. Each BAA tells potential proposers what activities will be supported, in which science and engineering areas they will be supported, and how to apply.

Award Procedure:   Award decisions are based on a competitive selection of proposals, using a technical merit review. Evaluation criteria are specified in the relevant Broad Agency Announcement. If selected for award, the proposal is the basis for the award document and the applicant agrees to perform the research or research-related activities (e.g., science or engineering education or research infrastructure-building activities) described therein.

Deadlines:   Deadlines for submitting proposals are specified in the individual relevant Broad Agency Announcements.

Range of Approval/Disapproval Time:   Times vary, but award decisions are typically made within 90 to 120 days of receipt of the proposal.

Appeals:   Appeal procedures are specified by the executive agents.

Renewals:   Application for a competitive new award is permitted.


Formula and Matching Requirements:   There are no statutory formulas. Cost-sharing or matching, if required, would be specified in the individual Broad Agency Announcement.

Length and Time Phasing of Assistance:   Funding reflects period of performance and may be awarded incrementally.


Reports:   Technical and financial reporting requirements are in accordance with terms and conditions of award documents and with Department of Defense implementation of applicable OMB Circular Nos. A- 110 and A-102.

Audits:   In accordance with the provisions of OMB Circular No. A- 133 (Revised, June 24, 1997), "Audits of States, Local Governments, and Non-Profit Organizations," non federal entities that expend financial assistance of $300,000 or more in Federal awards will have a single or a program-specific audit conducted for that year. Nonfederal entities that expend less than $300,000 a year in Federal awards are exempt from Federal audit requirements for that year, except as noted in Circular No. A-133.

Records:   Recordkeeping requirements are in accordance with Department of Defense implementation of 12.300; the air force office of Scientific Research (listing 12.800).


Account Identification:   97-0400-0-1-051.

Obligations:   (Cooperative Agreements) FY 01 $224,196,000; FY 02 est $220,000,000; and FY 03 est $215,000,000.

Range and Average of Financial Assistance:  
See individual BAAs for expected range of award accounts (generally vary from $50,000 to $3,000,000 over 1 to 5 year periods of performance).

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Numerous research accomplishments and research training for more than 1,000 graduate students in science and engineering areas with a high potential for long-term benefit to defense needs (areas such as electronics and electro-optics; materials science; fluid dynamics; biotechnology; manufacturing-related research; mathematics and computer sciences; and environmental science).


See program announcements (Broad Agency Announcements) issued by executive agents.


Regional or Local Office:   Not applicable.

Headquarters Office:  
Office of the Secretary of Defense (OSD) OSD does not directly execute programs within this listing. For information about open competitions or future opportunities involving OSD funding, prospective proposers should consult the program announcements, BAAs, or other notices of funding opportunities issued by the agents that execute the program, listed below. No central phone number is available. Some of the agents OSD uses to execute its programs include: - Army Research Office (For contact info, see listing 12.431, or - Office of Naval Research (For contact info, see listing 12.300, or - Air Force Office of Scientific Research (For contact info, see listing 12.800, or, Arlington, Virginia 22203

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1. University research grants in areas such as: Materials degradation and fatigue; hypervelocity flow; organic superconductors; high-frequency microelectronics; biodegradation of military toxic wastes; blue-green optoelectronic emitters; robust geometric calculations; 3-D visualizations and design of large, manufactured objects; 2. augmentation grants, in conjunction with DoD contracts or grants for research performance, to provide additional research assistantships and increase the number of graduate students receiving research training through defense research; and 3. instrumentation grants, to allow the purchase of more costly items of research equipment ($50,000 and up) that can usually be funded within single-investigator research awards.


Generally, the principal evaluation and selection criteria are the technical merits of the proposed research (or research-related activity) and its potential relationship in the long term to missions of the Department of Defense. Other selection criteria vary with the nature of the specific research or research-related activity. Typical examples include: Qualifications of the principal investigator and other key personnel to perform the proposed activity; adequacy of current or planned facilities and equipment to do so; and realism and reasonableness of proposed costs.

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